Federal Science and Public Health Funding Page

Feb. 16, 2022

In the U.S., federal funding fuels the research that drives discovery, spurs innovation and improves the health of animals, humans, the environment and the economy. Given the diverse nature of microbiology, a number of federal agencies fund these efforts. ASM works to ensure robust, sustained funding for microbiology research across a host of federal agencies. Learn more about how the appropriations process works.

The Appropriations Process

Graphic of the Appropriations Process
Source: National Science Foundation

The annual appropriations process formally kicks off each year with the release of the President’s budget request to Congress. President Biden sent his Fiscal Year 2025 proposal to Congress on March 11, 2024. The presidential proposal marks the beginning of a multi-month process of finalizing and approving the Federal budget. The FY24 budget has not yet been finalized by Congress. Learn more about the proposed funding for multiple Federal science agencies:


National Institutes of Health
 
AGENCY/PROGRAM FY23
ACTUAL
FY24 PRES. PROPOSAL FY24 ACTUAL FY25 PRES. PROPOSAL
National Institutes of Health $47.9 billion $48.2 billion $47.08 billion $50.1 billion
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) $6.56 billion $6.5 billion $6.5 billion $6.5 billion

Read ASM Testimony to the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies and Committees on Appropriations.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
AGENCY/PROGRAM FY23
ACTUAL
FY24 PRES. PROPOSAL FY24 ACTUAL FY25 PRES. PROPOSAL
CDC Overall Budget $9.2 billion $11.6 billion $9.2 billion $9.68 billion
Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease     $750 million $846 million $760 million $780 million
Immunization and Respiratory Disease $919 million $1.25 billion $919 million $969 million
HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STI and TB Prevention     $1.39 billion $1.54 million $1.39 billion $1.39 billion
Global Health     $692 million $765 million $692 million $692 million
Public Health Preparedness $883 million $943 million $938 million $943 million

Read ASM Testimony to the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies and Committees on Appropriations.

National Science Foundation
 
AGENCY/PROGRAM FY23 ACTUAL FY24
PRES. PROPOSAL
FY24 ACTUAL FY25
PRES. PROPOSAL
National Science Foundation $9.5 billion $11.3 billion $9.06 billion $10.1 billion


Read ASM's Testimony to the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives Committees on Appropriations and Subcommittees on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies.

Food and Drug Administration
AGENCY/PROGRAM  FY23 ACTUAL FY24
PRES. PROPOSAL
FY24 ACTUAL FY25
PRES. PROPOSAL
FDA (budget authority) $3.53 billion $4 billion $3.52 billion $3.7 billion

Read ASM Testimony to the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittees on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies.

Department of Agriculture
                               
AGENCY/PROGRAM FY23 ACTUAL

FY24 PRES.
PROPOSAL

FY24 ACTUAL FY25 PRES. PROPOSAL
National Institute of Food and Agriculture $1.7 billion $1.9 billion $1.6 billion $1.9 billion
Agricultural Research Service $1.8 million $1.9 billion $1.7 billion $1.8 billion
Agriculture and Food Research Initiative $455 million $550 million $445 million $475 million

Read ASM Testimony to the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittees on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies.

Department of Energy
                               
AGENCY/PROGRAM FY23 ACTUAL FY24
PRES. PROPOSAL
FY24 ACTUAL FY25
PRES. PROPOSAL
DOE Office of Science $8.1 billion $8.8 billion $8.2 billion $8.6 billion

Read ASM's Testimony to the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives Committees on Appropriations and Subcommittees on Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies.

Other Agencies and Programs
AGENCY/PROGRAM FY23 ACTUAL FY24 PRES. PROPOSAL FY4 ACTUAL FY25 PRES. PROPOSAL
Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) $950 million $1.01 billion $1.01 billion $970 million
Office of Science, Technology and Policy (OSTP) $7.96 million

$8.19 million

$7.96 million $7.96 million
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Research Office $661 million $678 million $656 million $645 million
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) $1.49 billion $1.78 billion $1.45 billion $1.6 billion
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Science and Technology $802 million $967 million $758 million $1 billion
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Science Directorate $7.79 billion $8.26 billion $7.3 billion $7.5 billion


Visit our action alerts page for ways you can advocate for funding for scientific agencies.

Tell Congress to Act on Appropriations

ASM's Public Policy and Advocacy Team discuss the current atmosphere on Capitol Hill, as well as how decisions made in Washington, D.C. affect your research and the role you can play as an effective advocate.

Author: ASM Advocacy

ASM Advocacy
ASM Advocacy is making it easy and providing opportunities for members to advocate for evidence-based scientific policy.