Episode Summary

A newly discovered species of bacteria consumes other bacteria as prey by engulfing them!

Microbe of the episode

Microbe of the episode: SARS-CoV-2! This is the coronavirus responsible for COVID-19, the current pandemic. For more up-to-date information, please refer to the American Society for Microbiology, This Week in Virology, and other reputable sources. Stay healthy!

Jesse's takeaways

There are bacteria living almost every different lifestyle you can think of, including predatory, preying on other bacteria. Since bacterial cells are usually quite rigid, bacterial predators usually consume others either by burrowing inside them or digesting them from outside, rather than engulfing prey like eukaryotes often do.

The study here discovers a new kind of bacteria, in the group called Planctomycetes, known for having unusually flexible cells and internal compartments like eukaryotes. This new species does engulf its prey, including bacteria and even tiny algae, and digests them inside itself. It possesses multiple adaptations that suit it for this lifestyle.

Journal Paper

Shiratori T, Suzuki S, Kakizawa Y, Ishida K. 2019. Phagocytosis-like cell engulfment by a planctomycete bacterium. Nat Commun 10:1–11.

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